Tram lines circling the city
The T3 tram connects the Pont du Garigliano (15th district) to the Porte de la Chapelle (18th district). This development improves travel around the capital, interconnection with the public transport networks and makes transportation from suburb to suburb easier. Regular, comfortable, and accessible to the disabled; this mode of public transport conveys nearly 300,000 passengers a day.
The transformation of the Plaisance - Porte de Vanves 14th district is part of the Greater Urban Renewal Project (GPRU) of Paris. Developed with the participation of the residents and users, it aims to improve--gradually, but in a thorough and sustainable way--the quality of life in the outskirts of the city. The program involves renovations, facilities, employment development, arrangements to promote safety and improve waste management, exchanges with neighboring towns... It affects about 200,000 people in 7 districts.
Wild plants around the trees
The 14th district has more than 7,000 trees planted along the street, with plane trees (Platanus) representing more than a quarter of the districts street trees. Around the base of the plane trees on Porte de Vanves Avenue, the porous surface has been enlarged and enclosed by low curbs to encourage the development of natural vegetation. The hairy galinsoga (Galinsoga quadriradiata), wild grass native to Central and South America introduced to Europe in 1925, thrives on the edges of the pavements around trees and also in gardens and wasteland. It is very popular with sap drinker insects (leafhoppers, aphids) and foragers (hoverflies).
The pathway created by the trees allows flora and fauna to circulate with greater ease. This outer corridor development is part of the City of Paris Biodiversity Action Plan, which works to promote green zones--real thoroughfares for biodiversity--as well as reduce gaps between planted areas and promote continuity between Paris and the suburbs.
A garden above the Peripherique
The 14th district boasts 15 gardens, 1 park and 25 squares; a total of 12 hectares (29.7 acres) of greenery.
At the Porte de Vanves, which opened in April 2013, the 6780 m2 (1.7 acre) Jardin Anna Marly is built on the slab above the Boulevard Périphérique. It's a connecting link between Paris and the surrounding towns, establishing a verdant continuity with the renovated and enlarged Julia Bartet Square. The garden features elevations and terraces with a heath of birches, pines and heathers.
The short-toed treecreeper (Certhia brachydactyla) feasts on insects and larvae that it dislodges from between the cracks of tree trunks with its long beak featuring a curved tip. Its short legs with long claws allow for easier tree trunk climbing and it also supports itself on its rigid tail. Benches and chairs dot the pathways and strollers can relax on three large lawns ranging from 100 to 250 m2 (1,080 to 2,700 square feet). The children's playgrounds add further amenities to the garden.
The communal "Les Jardins de la Douve" garden laid out in this public space allows residents from the surrounding neighborhoods in the three communities of Paris, Malakoff and Vanves to come together around environmentally-friendly gardening. To save water, rainwater is used for watering the plants, the result of the runoff from the tool shed roof is stored in the water tank. Chemicals, pesticides and fungicides are prohibited. The arable plots consist of a layer of topsoil on top of a draining layer for water discharge. This new type of shared garden is part of the Main Verte (Green Fingers) program developed by the City of Paris.