Fontaine Wallace

On the Place du Docteur Félix Lobligeois, under the shade of a row of lime trees, a green cast-iron Wallace fountain dispenses a Parisian grand cru - drinking water. These fountains adorned with Caryatids - statues of women dressed in a long tunic holding a dome - are the symbol of public water sources in Paris. Available to all (and free of charge) in more than 1200 locations - Wallace, Millennium, Totem and sparkling water fountains, drinking fountains and water points in public toilets - all offerhigh quality drinking water, produced and distributed by the municipal water authority Eau de Paris. It is the same water supply which is delivered to the buildings of Paris. Everyone can fill up their bottle, flask or water pouch with a healthy drink which can be consumed without restriction.Here, the water comes from the springs of the River Avre, processed in the Saint Cloud water treatment plant before being distributed.

Garden dating back to the Second Empire

The 17th arrondissement boasts 21 hectares (51,3 acres) of green spaces, reflecting its diverse heritage.
The Square des Batignolles, with a surface area of 1.6 hectares (3.4 acres), dates back to the 19th century. It was created in 1862 by Adolphe Alphand, former director of the City of Paris Promenades and Plantations Department. The artificial slopes of the garden contrast with the rectangular lines of the square it now occupies. The central lawn is planted with remarkable trees with massive trunks and branches. They are exceptional hosts for the birds and insects who find food and shelter there suitable for their needs.



Among the trees here are a 20m (65ft) copper beech mesuring 3.5m (11ft) in width, a Caucasian elm, a date-plum tree and two plane trees of more than 30m (97ft) in height.The thick, rough bark of the oriental plane tree highlights the years it has accumulated since it was planted back in 1840. Its neighbour, the common plane tree with 6m (19ft) in circumference was planted in 1872.  These two trees have received the national label "Remarkable Tree of France" in 2015.  It was delivered to the City for its commitment to protecting these trees by the association A.R.B.R.E.S.



These trees are among the 200,000 monitored individually by municipal employees along streets, in gardens, cemeteries, schools, sports grounds and on the embankments of the ring road. With the help of a specialised mobile application, municipal employees check and update all information on each tree on the spot: exact species, geo-referenced location, state of health, type of ground at the foot of the tree (grid, earth, etc.), and works to be done.  This innovative system connected to a data bank allows Paris's trees to be monitored in real-time.
The forested areas of Paris (Bois de Vincennes and Bois de Boulogne with almost 150,000 trees each) have their own specific management system.

Non-potable water supply

The artificial river, which winds across the gently sloping lawn runs from a rip-rap to the pool. The water of the square will drain away through an underground pipe to the future running water canal in the new Martin-Luther-King Park, in a south-westerly/north-easterly direction connected to the biotope pool. The water is supplied via a non-potable water.This network supplies the hydraulic network of the Paris woods and some parks and is used for cleaning public highways,and flushing out the municipal sewer system at a low cost while preserving the resource.



The handrails bordering the stream along the rocks and the ford add an ornamental, rustic touch and are made from cement modelled over a metal framework. Very fashionable in the 2nd half of the 19th century, they imitate nature with gnarled trunks, branches and stumps.

and flushing out the municipal sewer system

Ecological management

Ecological management of the garden slightly alters the landscape; it is based on differentiated management adapted to the conception of the green space and its uses, and the promotion of biodiversity.



The leaves of the trees are left in the shrub beds, acting as winter hideouts for the small fauna living in the soil and as humus for plants once they have decomposed. A small area along the river has been left as natural grassland, where large grasses and annual plants are allowed to self-seed. The plants complete their entire vegetative cycle, attracting numerous pollen seeking insects and their predators.

Shared mobility

In this eco-district, priority is given to travel on public transport. Connections for and extensions of the bus, metro, RER and Transilien railway networks and the tram system are being and will be increased.



Autolib offers an electric car sharing service, for individual, eco-friendly journeys. All over the metropolis, more than 2500 Autolib vehicles are today available for sharing as short-term rentals, without compulsory return to the point of departure. This new mode of transport is accessible to all, silent, produces zero direct emissions (neither micro-particles nor exhaust gases), and is practical and economical.



The 3000 vehicles planned for hire in Paris and its region represent a reduction in the privately own car stock estimated at 22,500 vehicles, or the equivalent of 164,500,000 km (102.215.561.1miles) covered per year by the most polluting vehicles. A mode of transport which is an alternative to the private car and generates less pollution, fewer traffic jams and less stress.


 

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